Elwood comes off as optimistic and naïve while Turner seems more cynical and skeptical. They are both in similar positions and become friends, yet their differences raises useful tension in the book.
Malcolm and MLK are hardly opposites, but for decades now, people have put further an either/or narrative about the two figures. King is associated with non-violent civil rights, and Malcolm represented with his militancy and "by any means necessary" rhetoric.
What if Malcolm and MLK had been confined to a school for boys in their youth? That's one way that we could read The Nickel Boys. Of course, MLK even has a presence in the book, as Elwood listens to and is captivated by recordings of King's speeches.
There's a long history of charting tensions between noted black men. Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. Du Bois. Marcus Garvey and Du Bois. Richard Wright and James Baldwin. Barack Obama and Jeremiah Wright. Nas and Jay-Z.
Whitehead advances that kind of history by presenting tensions between these two boys. Aaron McGruder presented even younger boys with his lead characters Huey and Riley. Representing two black male characters with tensions gives writers opportunities to creatively explore a variety of ideas.Related: