|Cover of Jayne Cortez's album Celebrations and Solitudes 1974|
Amiri Baraka, Jayne Cortez, Sonia Sanchez, and Nikki Giovanni, to name four prominent figures, gained or solidified their popularity based on their performances and collaborations with musicians. Before Baraka's poem "Black Art" circulated widely in print, the piece had appeared as an audio recording with accompaniment from musicians Albert Ayler, Sonny Murray, Don Cherry, Henry Grimes, and Lewis Worrell.
Nikki Giovanni produced recordings reading poetry, including album Truth Is On Its Way where she performed with a gospel choir. Sonia Sanchez distinguished herself as a talented performer of verse, and she produced audio recordings as well.
And Jayne Cortez? Well, she produced her first album during the black arts era and has gone on to perform and record her works regularly with jazz groups over the years. According to literary critic Aldon Nielsen, "Perhaps no black poet whose works began to appear in print after World War II has recorded as many jazz texts as has Jayne Cortez. Indeed, Cortez has recorded nearly all of her published poems in jazz arrangements.”
Broadside Press coordinated the production of audio recordings by several poets, including Gwendolyn Brooks, James Emanuel, Etheridge Knight, Haki Madhubuti, Dudley Randall, Margaret Walker, and Marvin X. Overall, the production of so many audio recordings of black poets reading their works with a common imprint and in so many interrelated venues was remarkable.
The prevalence of audio recordings and live performances, both of which often included collaborations with musicians, revealed how poets of the black arts era tested, if not stretched, the limits of literature.
This entry is part of a series--30 Days of Black Arts Poetry.